Skin Diseases: Skin diseases have great physical and psychological influence due to both physical agony and cosmetic disfigurement so it should be dealt with care. There are wide variety of skin conditions ranging from skin infections, inflammations, scars, burns, hypo pr hyper pigmentation, worm infestations, dryness, oilskin, moles and warts acne, pimples, melasma, allergies and cancers. Skin diseases are may be primary or secondary to some internal problem in body. For examples, chicken pox is viral infection and causes rashes on skin.
Most skin disease are due to infection because skin is constantly exposed to environment where lots of bacteria, viruses and other parasites are present, sunrays are also dangerous for skin because sun rays have ultraviolet light rays which are damaging to skin especially in peak sunny time in late morning and afternoon, early morning rays are not that much harmful, rather they are useful and convert inactive form of vitamin D in to active form which is good for bones, but sun rays from 10 am to 3 pm can cause skin damage ranging from hyper pigmentation, melasma , sun burn to even skin cancers.
Hairs and nails are skin appendages and also a part of skin. Common hair and nail problems are dandruff, hair fall, oily hairs, lice infestation of hairs, ingrown nails, fungal infections of nails etc.
Treatment: Most skin diseases respond to local treatment with creams, ointments, and gels some requires systemic therapy. Internal diseases when treated, results in automatic resolution of skin symptoms. Some times surgeries are required to remove the skin lesions like warts, Moles and cancers or tumors. In skin treatment sun blocks play major role.
Sun blocks are local creams or gels which are applied exposed areas of skin to prevent sun rays to come in contact with skin, because most skin diseases are aggravated by sun exposure.
To prevent skin disease we should maintain our personal hygiene like daily bathing with antiseptic soaps, cutting of nails and keep them clean, hairs should be washed with shampoo on alternate days, hair oiling should be done to avoid dandruff and dryness, skin should be moisturized regularly because skin dryness leads to skin cracking which predispose to infections and other problems.
We should cover our skin with protective clothing and stuffs like hats, Scarf or caps to avoid sun rays especially in peak summer timings sun block should be applied on exposed areas of skin. Drink water daily at least six or eight glasses to prevent dehydration, it is very good for skin. Fresh fruits and vegetables are skin friendly foods and should be taken in enough amounts.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Skin Diseases and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.