Proteins: Proteins are macronutrients present in food. They are required on regular basis in our diet to maintain normal health and function of body. protein is an essential component of cells, they are used in our body for growth and development of muscles, they are used to make antibodies, carrier and transport proteins, maintain pressure of blood , prevents edema, and cause repair and renewal of body cells.
Proteins are of two basic types, animal proteins and plant proteins. Sources of animal proteins are meat, fish, eggs, milk and dairy products, plant proteins are found in pulses, nuts, legumes and beans. proteins are made up of chain of molecules called amino acids, amino acids are important for making enzymes , co enzymes or biological catalysts which assist many metabolic function in body like growth and energy, metabolism along with vitamins and other food components. Protein deficiency results in poor growth, swelling of body, dry skin, flaky weak hairs and increased rate of infection in children.
In adults symptoms of protein deficiency are edema or swelling, weak hairs and dull skin, repeated infections, decreased muscle power and lean body with decreased muscle mass. Proteins of animal quality can be obtained by taking mixed pulses and beans in diet, which fulfills the daily requirement without elevating cholesterol levels which could occur in case of taking meat and dairy products as a source of protein because these foods contain fats along with proteins.
Usually fish is the best source of good quality animal protein and also contain omega 3 and 6 fatty acids for brain and cardiac health.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Proteins and its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.