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Pneumonia

Pneumonia: Pneumonia is infection of lung and caused by a variety of organisms like bacteria, viruses, and fungi of which bacterial pneumonia is  most dangerous type. There are several types of pneumonia, but there are two basic types, one is community acquired and the other one is hospital acquired. As the name implies, hospital acquired pneumonia occurs in patients who acquire infection while hospitalized due to low immunity. Symptoms include fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough, and sputum which can be yellow or greenish  or even blood stained depending on type of organism causing pneumonia. treatment include iv antibiotics, proper fluid  replacement and  respiratory support. In this page, we are going to discuss about Pneumonia and types of Pneumonia, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India
  Table of Content  

 
Pneumonia In Hindi
Namonyia
Namonia ko lungs key sozish (soiling) ki bemari kehtey hein. Yeh bacteria sey hoti hai. Uss mein larzey sey bukhar hota hai. Khaanci (cough) bulghami laisdar sar mein dard hota hai, Khaansi sey lungs mein khechao mehsus hota hai. Lungs par zakham ho jatey hai, Yeh bemari chothey  barhey sub ko hoti hai, Jo log 70 saal sey upar ki umar key hoon in ki iss bemari sey mot bhi hojati hai.

Type Of Pneumonia
1.  Virus Mycoplasma Pneumonia   
2.  Bacterial Strep Pneumonia

1. Mycoplasam Pneumonia
Yeh aam namonyia hai  jo virus say phelta hai yeh bukhar ziadah tar bechon aur 20 saal kay admion aur auratoon ko hota hai is main bukhar aur khansi hoti hai iski aalaamat 3-4  din main wazah hojati hain bukar 102 derjay hota hai. Saans lainay main mushkil hoti hai. Sinay ka X-ray linay say lungs ka aik hissa mutasir hota hai. Baaz oqat  dono lungs per waram ata hai. White cell ki tadat nahe berhti. Waram ki waja say lungs main sozish hojati hai. Is kay mareez 10-14 main Tandrust hojatay hai.

Laboratory test say is kay bacteria kay nishanaat daikhay jatay hain viral culture karney say infection kernay walay germs ka pata laga saktay hain. Khoon main (Cold Agglutinins) ka pata lagaya jasakta hai.

Treatment
Mereez ko aaram kernay dain. Erythromycin  500 mg- rozana 4 dafa 7 din tak dain. Is kay ilawa Tetracyline bhi day saktay hain. Ager khansi aur pilay rung ki belgham ziadah hoto isay Antibiotics dain. Dard ki surat main Paracetamol ka istaimal kerain. Erythromycin ki meqdar main kami baishi kersktay hain.

2. Bacterial Strep Pneumonia
Yeh namonyia bectria ki infection say hhota hai. Is main mereez ko shadeed bukhar hota hai. Khushk khansi ati hai aur sakht derd hota hai. Ek do din main gharhi aur pilay rang ki belgham shoro hijati hai. Iss main soiling bhi hojati hai.

Saans tazi say aati hai. Sinay main belgham hojata hai. Dono lungs mian sojan hojati hai. Iss qism ka namonyia H.Influenza say pida hota hai. Jis kay natijay main mereez ki halat bohat kharab hojati hai.

Diagnosis And Laboratory Test
Laboratory test mein khoon ka culture aur balgham ka culture aur seney ka X-Ray shamial hai. Khoon ka culture karney sey pata chale ga keh koon mein CBC par sufaid cells ke tadad barhe hoe hai, jo Neutrofils cells hotey hai. Seney ka X-Ray leney sey namunia Phepharay key eik hesey par hoga yah pher dono par uss ke ilaamat nazar aaein ge. Balgham key gram stain slide banaein aur Bacteria ke growth karey. Khurdbeni moainay sey bacteria key jarasim joron ki shakal main dekhey ja skate hain.

Yeh ihtiyat zaroti hai kah jab marz apney zoroon per ho to X-Ray har haftay lain. Jab mareez hospital se farigh ho jaye to 6 haftoon bad moaina karain.

White cells ki mojodgi iss tarah hogi.(90% say ziadah Polymorphonuclear  15*109/L )ka rate (Leucocytosis or Erythrococyte  Sedirrentation ) (ESR) 100 m/h say ziadah.

Laboratory Test
Laboratory Test ko dekh kar mareez ko murdarja zel nuska dain .


Mareez ki umar kay lihaz sey dawai main kami ki ja sakti hai. Mareez kay tanafus kay system ko jari rakney ki koshish karain. Iss kay liye pani ki bhap  sungayian takah  balgham ki ratobat narm hokar khasi kay zariye kharij ho or mareez ko sans leney main asani ho. Bhukhar or azlaat ki dard kay liye doctor ke mashware se dawaon ka istamal karain.

Diet
Mareez ko murghi ka shorba or phalon ka ras dain, ziadah thunda pani nahi deyna chaahaye.
 
Pneumonia In Urdu

Pneumonia In Urdu  

 
Pneumonia In Pakistan And India
Here you will find about Pneumonia news and statistics of Pakistan and India.


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Page Created: 27-Feb-12 09:25 Last Update: 26-May-12 01:31
 
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