Melancholia: It is defined as state of extreme sadness, loss of interest in surroundings, slow body movements, lack of pleasure, depressed mood, and physical symptoms like weight loss, decreased appetite and early morning awakening.
Melancholia is often associated with clinical depression and other psychotic disorders, like bipolar disorders or schizophrenia. Melancholia is not just mood disorder but it is due to the biological brain function imbalance, it should be taken seriously like any medical disorder.
Melancholia can affect any age but it more common in old age and male sand female prevalence is equal. Melancholic patients are sad all the time with feeling of guilt and grief and lack of physical activity and interests, they loose weight and get thin and anorexic, they want to be alone and do not involve in recreational activities.
Exact cause is unknown but there is some genetic predisposition for this order. For, mild cases psychotherapy and anti depressants are used, severe cases leading to physical complications like extreme weight loss and trial of suicide are required hospitalization in psychiatric hospital where electro convulsive therapy or electric shocks are given.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Melancholia and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.