Desiclinic.com In roman urdu and hindi

 
       Home >> Health>> Medicine>> System >> Leukemia

Leukemia

Leukemia: Leukemia is a disease in which bone marrow starts producing abnormal white blood cells. It is of two types. Acute and chronic leukemia. Further types depend on the kind of stem cells affected. Stem cells are the precursors of white blood cells in marrow and get two cell lines, myelitis, and lymphoid. Chronic leukemia remains asymptotic for decades. Acute leukemia produces abrupt symptoms, like fatigue, headache, weight loss, loss of appetite, bruising on body, infections, and bleeding disorders. When it affects brain symptoms are confusion. Vomiting, seizures and headache. Risk factors are smoking, exposure to radiations like people working in X-ray departments, radiation plants, and other chemicals like benzene handling workers in factories. Treatment includes chemotherapy radiotherapy, biological therapy with interferon's and antibodies, and finally stem cell transplantation. In this page, we are going to discuss about Leukemia and types of Leukemia, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.
  Table of Content  

 
Leukemia In Hindi
Leukemia bimariyan dun'ya mein bohat kum hai . Teqrebann 5/100000 shrah hai is ski do bari kismein hain .
1.    Acute Lymphoblast Leukemia yeh ziyada ter chotay bachoon  main ho ti hai .
2.    Acute Myelogenous Leukemia yeh ziyada ter boorahain logoo mein dekhi gii hai.

Leukemia ko bimari ki speed ki bunyad per Acute Leukemia aur chronic Leukemia mein divide ker saktay hain aur issi trah mazeed un ko Myeloid aur Lymphoid mein divide kia gia hai

Types Of Leukemia
1.    (AML) Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
2.    (AII) Acute Lymphoblast Leukemia
3.    (CML) Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
4.    (CLL) Chronic Lymphoblast Leukemia

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Yeh bimari  50 sal ki umer kay logo  mein ho ti hai  baroo mein 80% ho ta hai aur bachoon 20 % ho ta hai.

Causes Of Diseases
Bone marrow mein Myeloblast cells ki miqdar zayeda ho ti hai aur doosray cells  bantay unn ka wajood nazar nahi aata Cancer ki Kemotharapi ker tay waqat bhi Myeloblast ka pata chal sakta hai.

Clinical Features
Iss marz ki alaamat bone marrow  failure ki wajah say zahir ho ti hain. Mareez main Anemia ki alaamat jeisay  kay thakawat, kumzori aur ruk ruk ker sa'sns ka aana ho ti hai. Bar bar bukhar aur Infection ho ti hai. Uzlat mein derd ho ti hai. Jigger aur tilli kay burh nay ki alaamat zahir ho ti hain. Unter yoon, gurdoon dimag mein bleeding ho ti hai.

Diagnosis
Sahih tuskheesh khoon ki flim aur bone marrow ki biopsy ki bunyad per ker sak tay hain. Red cells ki kami ho gi aur white cells burhay hoon gay platelet normal ho ti hai. Bone marrow mein blast cells ziyadahoon gain. Khoon mein platelets ki taadad 20000/microlitter say kum ho gi aur white cells ki taadad 10 say 28000 ya iss say bhi ziyada ho gi.

Treatment
Mareez ko blood cells aur platelets diye ja nay chaien ta kay Anemia ki kami poori ho sakay.  Infection ko durosat ker nay kay liye Antibiotics vared kay zerye deye jai.

Leukemic blast cells dimag aur lungs mein rasha jama ker kay mareez mein Coma aur sans bund ker nay ka sabab bun sak tay . Ager blast cells ki taadad  khoon mein buhat zaida yani 7100*104/L  say zaiyda ho gi to mareez ko Leucophoresis ki zarorat ho gi ta kay nail mein rasha waghairah ki teh ko roka ja sakay yeh zindagi  mehfooz ker sakti  hai.

Mareez mein Uric Acid ka level drust ho na chahiye. Uss waqat tuk thrapi shoro nahi ker ni chahiye.
Ilaaj doo hisoon mein ker na chahiye .

1.    Remission Induction
2.    Consolidation Therapy

Remission Induction
Remission Induction khoon  ki bleeding aur kisi khateray say  mahfooz ker nay kay liye ki ja ti hai .
Iss medecian kay zarye bone marrow mein blast cells ko tabah kia ja ta hai . Iss ilaaj say kai mareez tandrust ho ja tay hain . Kai saloon kay baad bimari ka dobara humlah ho sak ta hai . Mareez ki bone merrow transplantation bhi ker tay hain aur iss mein buhat ahtiyat ki zarorat hai.

Treatment At Recurrence
Agar kisi mareez ko kafi  arsa baad dobara Acute Myelogenous Leukemia ka humla ho jaye to ye mareez ki halt per munhasir hai aaya who chahay ga  ya nahi ka uss ka Myeloabblatave therapy ki jaye borhay mareezoon  kay liye Chemotherapy  ya Pallative Apporroad  ki option hoon gi ye hiss liye hai kay un ko ziyada say ziyeda lubay arsay tuk sahat mund rukha jaye . In kay Ilaaj mein transfusion, Antibiotics ka isstamal shamil ho ga . Ta kay un kay jisim mein dora ker nay walay Leukemic cells ki taad mein kami ki ja sakay.

Acute Promyeloytic Leukemia (APLM)
Acute Promyeloytic Leukaemia chromosome  ko nikalnay say taluq hai.

Iss ka Inter vascular mutashir kay aik jama ho nay say bhi taluq hai jisay DIC kahtay hain mareez ko bleeding ho ti hai jo aur ziyada kharab ho ja ti hai jub ilaaj shoro kia jaye kiyon kay blast cells toot ja tay ainda hain aur ikhatay ho ja tay .

Treatment
 Iss ka ilaaj platelets transfusion kay zerye kia jata hai ta kay plasma ka level sahih rakha ja sa kay.
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Yeh zaiyeda ter bachoon ki bimari hai tuqreeban 90% mareezoon mein say 60-70 % ka ilaaj kamyab ho ta hai. Broon mein sirf 30% tandurst ho ja tay hai. jo kay acha natijah nahi hai.

Treatment
Iss bimari ka ibtadii ilaaj woh hi hai jo AML kay liye biyan kia gi aya he. Muqsad sirf mareez ki bone marrow ko asli halt mein lana hai ta kay mareez tandrost  ho jaye iss kay ilaaj mein chemotherapy ki jati he.

All ka rujhan central nervous system CNC ko mulawis  ker nay ka ho to aise  mareezon men  oral therapy ki jati aur iss ka ilaaj 2-3 sal tuk jary rahta hai. takay bimari dobara na ho sakay.

Iss bimari mein bone marrow ka dobara shoro  ho nay ka ahtamal ho ta hai iss kay liye ibtadaii  therapy  ka uml kia jata aur dawaii ki khasi khorak de jaye. Transplant ka tareeqa isstamal kia jaye platelets ki kami platelets  ki transfusion say ki jaye aur bone marrow ko asli jagah lanay kay liye bone marrow ki transplantation ki jaye. Transplantation ker nay kay baad mareez 2-3 saal bilkul tandurst rahtay hain. 

Is bimari mein platelets ki miqdar buhat kum ho jati one bone marrow blast cells intaha kay ho aty hain. White cells ki taadad  1 lac /microlitter  say bhi zada ho  jati hai. Allamat  kay peish  nazar bimari ka moaser ilaaj kia jaye. Drugs ka istemaal aur transplantation intahaii nigedasht say ki jaye.

Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
Yeh zaiyeda ter baron ki bimari hai aur 40-60 saal ki umer kay dermian ho ti hai iss bimari ka ilaaj lumba ho ta hai jo 3-4 sal ka ursa hai . Ilaaj do phase mein ho ta hai. Phlay doraniye kay baad accelerated murhala hai. Agar iss ursa kay doran marez thek na ho sakay to third stage death ki hai. Dosary stage ki allamat yeh hain.

Mareeez ko sukht bukhar ho ta hai wazan kum ho ja ta hai tilli buhat burh ja ti hai blast cells ki miqdar buhat burh ja ti  hai. Yeh Anemia ki allama hain paitt mein kharabi ho ja ti hai sur derd, psina aata hai dosary stag e mein blast cells chind mahinon mein burh ja tay hain jin mein 80% Maialled aur 20% limphied ho tay hain Blastic stage na qabil ilaaj hai dermiani sahat yab ho nay ka ursa 6 mah ho ta hai . CML Mielofibrates mein tadeel ho ja ta hai aur pher mareez ki mout waqa ho ja ti hai.

Investigation
Khoon mein blast cells ho tay hain jo khoon ki flim per dekhay ja sak tay hain HB kum ho ta hai. Platelets normal ho tay hain. Bone marrow mein white cells ki taad 3 lac tuk ho ti hai unn phosphate ki level kum ho ti hai bone marrow mein Philadelphia cromosom  mojood ho tay hain.

Treatment
Chronic stage mein  illaj ki zaroorat nahi ho ti hai mareez ki bimari control nahi ki ja sakti hai. Bulkay allamat ko rokna ho ta hai.Jin marezoon mein anemia jiyesi illamat khoon mein white cells ki zaiyeda tadad, platelets ki tadaad burh jae to doctor se ilaaj karaen
Jin mareezoon ki umer 50 sal say kum ho aur who bone marrow transplantation kay liye tayar hoon to un ka bone transplantation ker dena chahiye. 50 saal sey oper walay mareezoon ko transplantation ka koi faida nahi ho ga .

Accelerated stage mein bimari shiddat akhtiyar ker ja ti hai. Aur mareez ki halat biger jati hai . Ayessay mareez ko jin ki umer 50 sal say kum hoon to un ko dawaii ki heavy dose day saktay hai.

Bone transplantation bhi ker sak tay hain . Iss say mareez kay sehat yab honay kay 10-20% chances ho tay hain.
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia kay mareez munasib illaj kay baad sehat yab ho ja tay hain aur sehat yabi kay baad 3-10 saal tuk zinda rahtay hein.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
Yeh bimari aam tor per sari dunya mein paiye ja ti hay yeh aurtoon ki nisbat murdoon mein zaiyada ho ti hay jin ki umer 45-65 ssal kay dermiyan ho ti hay iss bimari mein Mature Lympocyies B aik jagah jama ho jatay  hein aur in ki taad burhii ho ti hay tilli ka size bhi burh ja ta hay jis sey hazma mein kharabi hoti hay Lymphocytic fail ho jaien to woh kam kera chor detay hein. Illaj kay baad  mareez 9-10 sal zinda rah saktay hein.

Clinical Features
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia  ki tushkees zra mushkil ho ta hay koonkay is ski allamat aahista aahista zahir ho ti hay kisi aur bimari ki tuskheesh kay doran by chance maloom ho to bahterhay.

Iss marz mein phelay
1-Anemia nahi ho ta hay lekin  lymph noders three say kum hisoon mein burhain  ho tay hein.
2- Anemia nahi hota lekin lymph noders three say zaiyeda  hisoon mein burh ja tay hein.
3- Anemia hota hay aur platelets taad mein normal hotay hein.

Laboratory Test
Khoon ka test ker nay say maloom ho ga kay khoon mein white cells berh ker 30 thousand say 3 Lac tak ho ja tay hein jin mein 90%  Lymphocytics hoon gay Lymphotoders ki biopsy ker nay say pta chlay ga bone marrow per 40%say zaida hoon gay khoon mein Anemia ki allamat hoon gii.

Treatment
Yeh bimari kaii sal tak yaksan rahti hay mareez 10 sal say zaida ursah tak zinda rah tay hein jub tak bimari ki alaamat numayan naah hoon ilaaj shroo nahi kern a chahiye.
 
Leukemia In Urdu

Leukemia in Urdu  

 
Leukemia In Pakistan And India
Here you will find about Leukemia news and statistics of Pakistan and India.


Watch informative video about Leukemia
 
 
 
 
 

Related Articles:

Hepatitis B Ka Ilaj In Urdu And Hindi | Pakistan India    Hepatitis A | Symptoms And Vaccine | Urdu Hindi | Pakistan India    Hepatitis C Ki Alamat | Hepatitis C Ka Ilaj In Urdu And Hindi    Hepatitis D | Urdu Hindi | Pakistan India    Hepatitis E | Urdu Name | Urdu Hindi | Pakistan India                       
Page Created: 29-Feb-12 11:03 Last Update: 31-May-12 07:40
 
Warning: The information presented in this website is not intended as a substitute for medical care. Please talk with to healthcare provider about any information you get from this web site.
© Copyright 2012-2018  www.desiclinic.com , All Rights Reserved