Electro Cardio Gram
Electro Cardio Gram: Most of the people are aware of what is ECG. ECG is short term for electrocardiography. It is the most common test done in emergencies and OPDs of clinics, hospitals and cardiology departments. ECG is very effective screening method to diagnose and detect heart problems; it is non-invasive, easy to done procedure without doing any harm to patient.
ECG is graphical recording of heartís electrical impulses, which are generated with its beats. ECG is reliable method to diagnose many heart diseases like angina, heart attack, heart failure, abnormal heart beat and hear valve damage. In order to record ECG, a nurse or medical staff uses leads attached to ECG machine equipped with scanner to take out graph and some times computer to record the heart activity.
ECG leads are of two types, chest leads and limb leads, chest leads are 6 abbreviated as V1, V2, V3, V4, V5 and V6, there are 4 limb leads; two for arms, and two for legs, abbreviated as RA , LA, RL and LL. ECG is performed right away without any prior preparation or anesthesia. Person should be calmed and counseled before ECG because stress and anxiety can give abnormal ECG patterns.
ECG is taken at rest and during exercises to detect any changes during exertion. ECG taken during exercise is called stress test or stress ECG, or exercise tolerance test. ECG, which is continuously taken for 24 hours period, is called Holterís monitoring. After age 40, ECG should also be done for screening any heart disease in normal persons especially with family history of heart disease, high blood pressure and in obese people, because prevention is better then cure.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Electro Cardio Gram and its symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.