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Disease Of The Nose

Disease Of The Nose: Nose plays important function and  major organ for respiration,  and not only  transmits breathed ear inside the internal respiratory organs but also does very important function of detecting smell, small hairs  on internal surface of nose trap foreign particles and prevent their entry into respiratory passages. It also functions as drainage pathway for tears from eyes.

Nose consists of bony part and cartilaginous part, and a Medline wall called nasal septum, which divides nose into two halves or cavities each, called nasal cavity.

Common nasal diseases include rhinitis or watery nose, nasal obstruction or blockage in case of foreign bodies or polyps, deviated nasal septum, or DNS, nasal bleed or epistaxis.

Rhinitis can be caused by variety of infections but viral infections are most common like   common flu. it consists of watery discharge from nose, along with some respiratory difficulty if discharge is thick and mucoid.

Impaction of foreign bodies like screws, button or stones; commonly seen in children who impact these objects accidentally while playing, it results in partial or complete cessation of breathing and is medical emergency, child should be kept in position with head downwards for gravitational removal of the object as first aid measure to prevent further sniffing the object inside trachea and bronchi.

Sometimes mechanical removal of object is necessary to prevent complication .polyps are very common and cause respiratory difficulty, bleeding and nasal pain, nasal polyp can be removed by cautery or surgery. Deviated nasal septum is a condition in which central part or wall of the nose is deviated to one side resulting in cosmetic deformity and respiratory difficulty.

It is usually corrected by surgery. Nasal bleed can be due to brain injury or fracture of skull, high blood pressure or any direct blow to nose, bleeding can also occur in case of polyps and scratching of nose by some object. High blood pressure is most common cause of epistaxis; application of ice packs to upper nasal surface and nasal packing with sterile gauze sufficiently control the nasal bleed.

In short, nose is very delicate organ and any disease should need prompt diagnosis and treatment.

In this page, we are going to discuss about disease of the nose and types of disease of the nose, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.
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Disease Of The Nose In Hindi
Nose nizame tanafus ka aham juzu hai phaipron ko tazah hawa pohonchana aur istemal shudah hawa ko bahar nikalna nose ka sab say aham kam hai nose kay zariye sance laina zindagi ki baqa hai nizame tanafus ka taluq dil khoon aur phaipron say hai is ka kam beruni faa say oxygen lay kar ander bhaijna aur karban dioxide aur doosri gasew bahar bhaijna hai yeh sara kam nose kay zariye hota hai.

Nose ki sakht aur hissay isterha say hain  nose chehray kay upper samnay mun kay balaee lab kay upper tukoni shamal mein waqay hai upper ka hissa paishani say mila huwa hai aur nichla hissa chora hai is ka andruni hisa dain aur bain do hisson mein taqsim kiya huwa hai is mein do surakh hotay hain jin ko nostrils kahtay hain yehi sance lainay kay zariye hain.

Nathnon ko taqsim karnay wala hissa yani darmiyani diwar ko calumna kehtay hain nose ki tin haddiyan hoti hain  do hadiyan janibi hain jin ko nasal bones kehtay hain darmiyani hadi ko os vomen kehtay hain  nose ki panch kuriyan hoti hain  in mein do upper aur do nichay aur aik darmiyan main hoti hai.

Upper wali kariyon ko upper lateral cartilages aur nichay wali ko lower lateral cartilages aur darmiyani kuri ko cartilage of septum kehtay hain in kuriyon ko raisha dar jhilli perichondrium apas mein aur nose ki hadiyon kay sath munsalik karti hai yeh jhilli moti aur mazboot hoti h ain nose kay do jof hotay hain.

Jin ko nasal fossae kehtay hain yeh gehray ghar hotay hain her aik jof kay do surakh aik agay aur aik pichay hota hai agay wali surakh chechray say milay hotay hain aur pichlay walay halaf say milatay hain har jof ankh, mun aur khopri say mila hota hai is terha nose ka taluq jisam kay aham juzu say hai aura pas mein function kartay hain agar aik juzu kam karna band kaday to sara nizam kharab hojata hai.

Coryza
Common Cold
Yeh aik mutadi marz hai is ka bais aik kira hai jisay phinoveruses kehtay hain is ka taluq picronovirus group say hai is marz mein nose ki loab dar jhilli matoram hoti hai nose say pani behta hai.

Clinical Features
Ibteda mein thakawat sar dard aur paraishani hoti hai nose mein kharish aur jalan hoti hai nose say pani behta hai nose kay kanaray pani ki wajah say surkh hojatay hain ankhon mein sozish hojati hai halaf matoram hota hai dard karta hai marz ka hamla shaded ho to sance ki naliyon mein kharash hoti hai nose say behnay wali ratubat garhi hojati hai mariz ka kisi cheez ko khanay ka dil nahin chahta chinkain bohot ati hain galay mein kharash ki wajah say khansi shurooh hojati h ai mariz ko bad hazmi bhi hojati hai paishab thora aur surkh rang ka ata hai.

Nazla ki doosri wajuhat mein sardi lagna karma garam khana khana kisi doosray mariz say infection hona aur ziyadah thanda pani pina waghaira shamil hain in say ahtiyat zaroori hai nazla panch chay din kay bad theek hojata hai agar jaldi aram na aaey to is say chati bho matorak hojati hai aur dard karnay lagti hai is say yarqan honay ka khatrah hota hai

Treatment
Mariz ko rondomycin capsule do capsul subha aur do sham panch din kay liye dain. Tyzine nose mein din mein char bar dalain.

Nose band hai to xynosine nasal drops din mein do tin martaba nose mein spray karain. Incidal tab ya piriton tab aik aik goli subha dopaihar aur sham khilain. Mariz ko saridon aik goli sar dard kay liye dain mariz ko thanda pani pinay say parhaiz karna chahiye ice cream waghairah nahin khani chahiye.

Vermes Nasi
Yeh jarasim mosame barsat aur mosame garma mein hotay hain jab mariz apni nose waghairah saf nahin karta aur mailay kuchlay kapray pehanta hai yeh mosmi kiray is ki nose mein ghus kar infection kartay hain ander anday daitay hain nose say sakht bud bu ati hai nose mein say garhi bad bu dar ratubat nikalti hai ankhon say pani behta hai aur ankhain matoram hojati hain mariz ko sar dard hoti hai ilaj na kiya jai to kiray qaribi maqamat mein ghus jatay hain aur nuqsan pohonchatay hain.

Treatment
Roghan tarpin aik ounce 15-20 ounce ko garam pani mein mila kar pichkari kay zariye nose mein spray karain yeh amal subha o sham karain kiray bahar niklain to toliye say saf karain mariz ko hidayat karain kay kapray saf suthray rakhay nose ko machar makhi say bachahiye.

Epistaxis
Nose mein say achanose khoon behna noseseer kehlati hai yeh mamooli aur waqti tor par hoti hai log kisi doctor ko nahin dikhatay laikin bas auqat khoon ziyadah miqdar mein beh jai to khatarnose hota hai.

Causes And Clinical Features
Noseseer ki kaee wajuhat hain thanday aur khushk mosam mein nose ki ander ki satah khushk hojati hai aritetion hoti hai aur phir khoon nikalna shurooh hojata hai baz auqat chot lagnay say khoon behna shurooh hojata hai aurton ko hamal ya haiz kay doran nose say khoon behnay lagta hai kaee log adatan nose mein ungli phairtay rehtay hain is amal say bhi khoon behta hai.

Mariz ko koee bimari jaisay hepatitis,kaseer,kali khansi ya infection ho to nose say khoon behnay lagta hai kaee bimariyan jo khoon mein paltatus ki miqdar ko kam karti hain jaisay a plastic animea ITP aur TTP in ki wajah say nose say khoon behta hai chotay bachon kay pait mein kiray ho to in kay nose say khoon behta hai agar bohot ziyadah khoon beh jai to khatarnose hota hai noseser say pehlay sar mein dard hoti hai aur tabiyat bojhal si lagti hai.

Laboratory Test
Noseseer ki halat mein khoon ka test zaroori hai taka asal wajah maloom hosakay baz auqat mariz ko high blood pressure hota hai jis ki wajah say nose say khoon behnay lagta hai khoon mein CBC plates lets ko check kiya jai.

Prothrombin time PT aur PTT  ki level ko check kiya jana chahiye nose ka andruni moaena kiya jai agar mariz pehlay koee dawaee istemal kar raha hai to dawayon kay baray mein puchain  mariz ko blood pressure chak kiya jai

Treatment
Agar mariz kamzor hai to noseseer ko band kardain is kay liye gaz packing ki jati hai gaz ko petroleum jelly mein bhigokar nose mein dakhil karain aur cavitiy ko bhar dain yeh amal 12 ghantay tak karain gaz karnay say pehlay nose ko donon ungliyon say dabain aur sar ko pichli taraf jhukain  is tariqay say noseseer band hojai gi  gaz packing is waqt karain jab noseseer bohot ziyadah ho mariz ka blood pressure control karain.

Agar noseseer mamooli ho to silver nitrate kay zariye katrization say ilaj karsaktay hain ziyadah biding khatarnose hosakti hai is liye jaldi ilaj kiya jana cahiye.

Agar mariz pehlay koee dawayon ko istemal karta tha in ko band kardaina chahiye takay reaction na ho shiddate marz mein marfin ka istemal karsaktay hain takay mariz tandrust ho jai.
(385-390)
 
Nose Disease In Urdu

Nose Disease In Urdu  

 
Disease Of The Nose In Pakistan And India
Here you will find about disease of the nose news and statistics of Pakistan and India.

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Page Created: 09-Mar-12 12:45 Last Update: 10-Mar-12 07:19
 
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