Arterial Ulcers: Arterial ulcers develop due to blockage of arterial flow due to clot, inflammation or tumor within arteries. These ulcers are found in feet especially on lateral side of ankles or in webs between toes, these ulcers are very painful, small, with well defined margins, they arise due to ischemia or interruption of blood flow or oxygen supply to involved area, so these ulcers often do not bleed.
In case of inadequate treatment superimposed infection occur leading to gangrene. Adjoining area of skin gets dry and scaly, cold and clammy due to lack of blood supply, arterial ulcers are diagnosed by physical examination and Doppler studies to detect arterial disease, sometimes angiography is necessary to locate the exact artery, which is involved. These ulcers require special care, treatment goal is to improve blood flow and prevent further aggravation of ulcer by wound care.
Pain killers are advised for severe pain, oral drugs for atherosclerotic clots are used maintain blood flow of arteries, sometimes surgery is necessary to open the blocked arteries. Ulcers require regular dressings and antibiotics to prevent and treat any infection, if gangrene develops active wound debridement is necessary. Patients are advised to use fat free diet and vitamin C supplements are prescribed to promote healing.
In this page, we are going to discuss about Arterial Ulcers and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.