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Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic Anemia: This anemia is caused by bone marrow suppression or failure. Bone marrow is present in bones and responsible for manufacturing of all cell lines in blood, these called aplastic because along with RBCs other cells are also deficient or absent from blood. Along with symptoms and signs of anemia patient also has bleeding tendency from minor cuts, bruises and petechae on body.  Nosebleed or rectal bleeding, due to platelets deficiency. There is increases risk of infections due to lack of WBCs. Causes of bone marrow suppression are often autoimmune disorders in which bodies’ own cells attack bone marrow, some drugs and radiation exposure. Treatment is transfusion of blood and blood products and bone marrow transplantation in severe cases.In this page, we are going to discuss about malaria and types of Aplastic Anemia, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India
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Aplastic Anemia In Hindi
Iss type ki Anemia mein bone marrow kay stem cells mein kharabi aa ja ti hai stem cells, surakh cells aur plata mein kami ho ja ti hai is ski aik line fail ho jaye to red cell mein kami ho jaye gi aur who kum payda hoon gain.

Causes
Aplastic Anemia ki kai wajoohat hain Animia ka Radiation kay zarye ya kisi aur  bimari ka alaaj ker nay say boan marrow ko nuqsan pohanch sak ta hai.

Bone marrow aur khoon mein cells ko tornay walay awamil ka ho na bone marrow ki Failure ka baiss ho sak tay hai . Cancer ya kisi aur bimari kay alaalj mein kai aik adwiyat ka istamaal ker na masallan Busalfan, Doxorubicin chloro phanical, sonay kay murakabat, Sulpohnider, carabnazole, phenytoin aur tolbutamide waghairah.

Jisim Mein Kai Trah Ka Cancer Hona
Malignancy say bhi khoon mein kami ho ja ti hai inn mein hairi cell lio Chemical lymphoid yah maiallied lio checmia waghairah bimariyoon ki infection masallan  mono nucleus, Hepatitis virus ki infection anemia ka sabab  bunti hai.
 
Paydieshi Aplastic Anemia bohat kam ho tay hai . Franconia virasat mein mil ta hai. Yeh control nerve system mein kharabi  ki wajah say ho ta hai aur yeh 5-10 sal ki umer mein ho ta hai .

Clinical Features
Marrow kay fail ho nay kay assabab Anemia , khoon ka bah na aur infection hai. Bleeding aplastic animia ki ibtadyi mojoodgi hai jo munh mein zarb aa nay say ya koi zukhm aanay say ho ya mus horoon mein khon bah nay say ho.

Mareez ko her waqat thakawat rah ti hai, dil kid her kn taiz ho ja ti hai. Jism mein Immunity kum ho ja ti platelets ki kami ki wajah say jisim ko mamooli chote aa jaye  to khoon bah na  shoro ho jata hai dimagh kay ander, kidney aur anteryoon mein bleeding ho ja ti hai.

Laboratory Test
Khoon kay liboratory test say pata chalay ga  kah platelets ki taadad 20000 micro litter say kam hai. Hemoglobin ka level 10 gram /micro litter say kum hai. Reticulocytes aik fii sad say bhi thoray hoon gain .

Treatment
Aplastic Anemia ka alaaj bone marrow ki mukamal recovery per munahsir hai . sub say phlay bone marrow kay asbab ko dor kerna chahiye. Sub say bara khatra Infection ka hai aur iss say bachao kay liye eham iqdamat ker na chahiye . Red cells aur platelets ka paiyda kern a zarorary hai.

Shahdeid aplastic Anemia  men baghair alaaj kay khatir khah natijah nahi nikaltae. Jin mareezon ki umer 50 sal say kum ho aur jin kay khandan mein say aik fard khoon denay walay ka H.L.A. wazah ho. Iss say khoon ko normal halat mein lanay kay 75-90% chances hain. Unn ki bone marrow ki Transplantation mum kin hai. 50 saal say ooper wali umer kay mareezoon ka operation mumkin nahi. Aissi adwiyat jo bone marrow ko nuqsan pohancha nay wali hoon , ka istaamal bund ker dena chahiye.

Agar mareez ko infection ho to Antibiotics dey ker dor karain.

Agar mareez kay khoon mein platelets ki kami hai to unn ko 20000millilitter say burhanay kay liye platelets ka transfusion deyna chahiye.

Aplastic Anemia aur bone marrow kay alaaj mein buhat ahtiyat ki zarorat hai. Bone marrow ka Transplantation aur platelets ka transfusion bara pechidah hota hai. Mamooli si ghuflat say mareez ki mot  waqe  ho sak ti hai. Is liye is field men mahir doctor se hi ilaaj karana chahiye.
 
Aplastic Anemia In Urdu

Aplastic Anemia In Urdu  

 
Aplastic Anemia In Pakistan And India
Here you will find about Aplastic Anemia news and statistics of Pakistan and India.


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Page Created: 29-Feb-12 09:47 Last Update: 30-May-12 08:40
 
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