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Anemia

Anemia: Anemia is a blood disorder caused by deficiency of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron containing protein, which is responsible for delivering oxygen in body. Most of anemia is caused by iron deficiency. Some are caused by vitamin deficiency like vitamin B 12. Some anemia are result of complication of some intrinsic disease like liver disease. Some metabolic diseases and genetic diseases also result in anemia. Person having anemia will have pale look, feels lethargic, develop shortness of breath, fragile nails and hairs and prone to infections. Awareness should be given to patients about causes of anemia because it is preventable disease by taking good diet, and screening tests are available which can detect any kind of anemia at early stage. In this page, we are going to discuss about malaria and types of Anemia, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment in Urdu and Roman Hindi for the people of Pakistan and India.
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Anemia In Hindi
Anaemia uss waqat hota hai jab hemoglobin ka level khoon main jo kisi aadami ki umer aur sex kay mutabiq hota hai, sey kum ho jaye ya dosray  alfaz main jisim main khoon ki kami honay ko Anemia kahtay hain. jub aab khoon kay volume main koi tubdili aayay gi to HB main Page 217 bhi tubdili aayay gi.

Ab khoon (plasma) main kami HB ka level intaha  tuk burha day gi yah halat Dehydration main hoti hai. Ab khoon burh  jaye to anemia zayadah hoga bawajood yah  kah red cells  main thori si zayadati ho jeysa kah aurat kay haml kay waqat dekha gia hai . kafi khoon bahney kay  baad bhi anemia numayan nahi ho ga jub tuk kay Plasma apni  normal halat per nah aajaye.

Types Of Anemia
Hypo Chronic Microcytic With a Low MCR
Normo Chromic Normocytic With a Normal MCR
Macrocytic with a High MCR

Anemia kay kai wajoohat hain
Surakh cells ka sahih miqdar main paida hona  Iron, vitamin B12 , Folate ki kami
Surakh cells ka zaiai ho na bleeding ki wajah say khoon ka zaiai  ho na.

1. Iron ki kami ki wajah say anemia ( Iron Deficiency Anaemia)  agar Iron mal observation ki wajah say Jazab nah ho to kami ho ja ti hai baaz dafaa Iron ki zayada zarorat ho ti hai laikin pori miqdar main nahi milta aur khoon main kami waqa ho ja ti hai achi ghiza nah milna,  Interyaoon  say khoon bahna bhai anemia ka baiss banta hai.

Clinical Features
Mareez  ko thakawat mehmsoos ho ti hai ser dered  ho ti hai sansas phool ja ti hai . Dil ki dherkun taiz ho ja ti hai. Mareez ka munah aur zaban main sorish ho ja ti hai Jisim kumzor ho ja ti hai.

Diagnosis
Iss murz ki  Tashkhees  ka inhasar  mareez ki bimary  ki history per hai iss say khorak  kay mutaaliq poocha jana chahiyay  bimary ka ilaalj kub say kar waya aur kia medicine istamaal ki. Fuzalaat main khoon ki kia position thai aaurat say menses kay mutaaliq poochain.

Blood Test
Mareez kay khoon ka test CBC per krein iss per surkh cells ki taadad dekhain aur Hemoglobin  ki level check karay agar yeh donoo agar kum hain  to Iron ki kami ka andazah ho jaye ga  iss ka pata MCR aur Iron ki miqdar ka MCHC say hota hai.

Serum main TIBC check ka rain yeh  burh ker 400 micro gram fi DL sey zayadah ho gi  agar anteryoon  main say khoon bahta raha hai to pakhanay main ocelot blood positive ho ga serum main folad kay murakub ki values yeh hain. 30-300 UG/L aadmioon  main aur 15-200 UG/L aurtoon main hoti hai unn ko samnay rakh ker test ka mawazana ka rahin. Paycheeda kisim ki Iron ki kami kay liye Bone Marrows ka test ker na madad ker sakta hai .

Treatment
Anemia ka ilaaj us ki qism kay mutabiq kia jata he. Zada tar main aise vitamin supplement diye jate hain jis men iron mojood ho. Mareez ko aisi ghiza khane ka mashwara daina chahiye jis main iron aur vitamins ho. Jese sabzian, phal gosht, ande. Khas tor oer seb,  kele, palak , khajoor murghi ayr doosre jaanwaron ki kaleji waghera men iron buihat zada miqdaar men mojood hota. Zada  severe cases men iron ki drips aur khoon charhane ki zaroorat parh sakti he.
 
Anemia In Urdu

Anemia In Urdu  

 
Anemia In Pakistan And India
Here you will find about Anemia news and statistics of Pakistan and India.


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Page Created: 29-Feb-12 08:51 Last Update: 30-May-12 08:32
 
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